Post-operative pain management methods and nursing role in the relief of pain of total knee replacement patients
Gedara Sandika;Sandika Gunnapana Gedara, Gunnapana; Kauppinen, Roosa-Maria; Le Louarn, Silvain (2015)
Gedara Sandika;Sandika Gunnapana Gedara, Gunnapana
Le Louarn, Silvain
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
Pain management after total knee replacement is a challenging and an integral part in the post-operative care. In order to recover fast and accomplish good outcomes pain should be managed adequately thus sufficient postoperative pain management skills provide a foundation to manage the pain. The aim of the study was to find out the various postoperative pain management methods and the nursing role in the care of total knee replacement patients. The purposes of the study were to offer research findings to increase nursing knowledge which may aid to improve successful pain management care. The study was conducted based on literature review, the data of the subjects were obtained from PubMed, EBSCO, CINALH databases considering exclusion and inclusion criteria. The selected articles were published between the year 2008 and 2015. All the chosen 12 articles were examined using content data analyzing method. The outcomes of the studies are discussed in three different themes that were pharmacological method, non-pharmacological method and nursing role. The findings of this study describe about a multimodal drug treatment and successfulness of both combinations of pharmacological and non-pharmacological method. Additionally, nurses are more responsible for assessing the pain effectively and adjust the treatment, according to a patient's individual needs as well as nurses should have a new knowledge and evidence based data to provide total knee replacement patients a pain relief and recover within a short period.