Experiences of intellectually and developmentally disabled people in healthcare : A literature review
Siekkinen, Hilla (2017)
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There are several guides for nurses and other health care professionals about treating patients with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD): general guides, guides for people working in acute care and in palliative care, among others. However, the number of guides doesn’t necessarily reflect in the way IDD patients are treated. The study aimed to find out what were the experiences of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities in health care. The purpose was to offer information and help health care professionals improve experiences of patients with IDD in health care. Using the databases of Google Scholar, EBSCO, and PubMed, a literature review was conducted. Three articles as well as two bachelor’s theses were chosen for reviewing by using the PRISMA system. Answers to the research question were searched from the included articles and collected as results. Results gained from the research suggested that patients with IDD have more negative than positive experiences in health care. Given that there exists a wide variety of guides about IDD patients for health care professionals, it was suggested that they should be used for self-education. Due to the small amount of studies presenting IDD patients’ own opinions rather than that of their guardians’,further research was suggested about patient experiences by using communicational aides.