Factors that motivate obese and overweight patients to adhere to lifestyle change : approaching long-term weight management with health promotion as the ultimate goal
Kruegle, Emma (2012)
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The current approach for obesity treatment often focuses primarily on weight loss rather than health promotion and a holistic view of the patient. Despite the knowledge that lifestyle change is the most effective method for long-term weight management, adherence to health-promoting behaviors is often problematic. The aim of this study was to identify factors that motivate obese and overweight adults to adhere to lifestyle change. A systematic literature review was conducted using EBSCO and CINAHL databases, and five qualitative studies were analyzed using the content analysis method. The review identifies factors that motivate lifestyle change as well as factors that undermine motivation. Autonomous motivation is especially important for adherence to change, as is support-related motivation. The results also provide further support for a lifestyle approach based on a holistic view of health rather than a strict weight loss approach for long-term weight management.