Information and Communication Technology for Elderly: A Literature Review
Malla, Riddhi (2014)
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The rapid development of technology is on the same pace as the growth of elderly in the world. Older people is being considered as a digitally excluded group of the society. The communica-tion technology, computer and Internet are the most demanded part of society to elderly and it is the responsible of society to act for ‘Successful Ageing’ or ‘Active Ageing’, which is key for quality of life of elderly. The aim of the thesis is to determine the attitude of elderly towards information and communication technology (ICT) and the motivation of elderly towards ICT. The study has two questions: 1.What are the factor influencing the use of ICT among elderly people? 2. What are the aspect affecting the attitude of elderly towards ICT?. The method used in the study is qualitative content analysis. The data were collected from scientific data-bases CINAHL (EBSCO) and PUMED with using the keywords. The information gathered from the data (articles) helped in formation of categories and subcategories on the basis of re-search questions. The result revealed that the benefits of ICT, limitation among elderly and atti-tude of elderly are the main factors influencing the use of ICT by elderly and the social interac-tion is the core benefits of using ICT among elderly, in a mean while ageing is one of the barri-er in using ICT among elderly. The training regarding the computer or information technology, perceived usefulness, psychological support or previous education are the factor influencing the attitude of elderly towards ICT? Thus information communication has several benefits for the older people for their social integration and adaptation, independent and active mind, which are the keys for their active ageing and wellbeing. The main limitation of the study was that the author was unable to find the article on related topic done by the health and social worker.