Postoperative pain management in elderly people
Sine, Claire (2015)
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Post-operative care in elderly people is the application of suitable treatment on elderly persons’ autonomy. Pain assessment and management is judged to be a priority thus, pain in older people of 75 years and over can be under recognized and unrelieved. It is important to identify factors in the practice context that enhance or inhibit effective pain management. This research study sought to determine how the post-operative care in elderly people is carried out in improving standards of service and is guided by the following research objectives: To identify ways and interventions used by nurses to relief pain and provide comfort to the elderly. The research will be guided by the following research questions:(1) What is the methods used by nurses to assess postoperative pain in elderly? (2) What factors/intervention can be used by nurses to manage postoperative pain in elderly? Systematic literature review is the method used in this research. The results of the study were described in 3 categories namely, Postoperative Pain Assessment. Pharmacological intervention and Non-pharmacological intervention. Under postoperative pain assessment, subcategories were pain assessment tools and observational approaches of assessing pain. Pharmacological intervention the subcategories were: multimodal Analgesia, Opioid Analgesia, Non-opioids Analgesia and Administration of Analgesia. In conclusion, the study found that pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions were effective in managing postoperative pain in elderly. More knowledge and education is still required to manage pain in elderly.