PATIENT SAFETY : Nurses' Perception of Human Factors and Ergonomics
Angassa, Biruk (2016)
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This study is part of Arcada’s GROW project (Good ethical decision making, Resilient safety, Ongoing reflection, Wise practice) which is commissioned by Arcada Patient Safety and Learning Center (APSLC). This study carry out a qualitative literature review on the importance of nurses’ perception on the application of Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) on patient safety. HFE is a discipline which uses theories, principles and applications to identify and address problems which arises in a particular system due to people and system interaction. HFE techniques and tools can be used in patient safety improvement in health care sector. In this work how HFE can be used as a tool in patient safety is discussed. High Reliability Theory and Normal Accident Theory is used as a theoretical framework for this work. How nurses’ perception on safety culture affect the implementation of HFE, the importance of HFE theories, applications and tools in patient safety, the relationship of safety culture and nurses performance in patient safety are raised as a research question. To answer the research questions, a qualitative data is searched using scientific database as a tool and thirteen relevant articles are selected for content analysis. An inductive content analysis system approach is used in data analysis and interpretation. The importance of HFE in healthcare organization is unquestionable and the findings in this work demonstrate this concept. The findings from selected articles are factors and influences which affects nurses’ perception and which in return affects the application of HFE in an organization are categorized as communication factors, individual factors and organizational influence. These findings are presented and dis-cussed in detail in the findings and discussion chapter of this work. This work used recent related scientific study articles in the field of HFE in patient safety. It discussed the use of the HFE in patient safety.