Knowledge Creation in Cross-Border and Cross-Sectoral Collaborations : Exploring EU Externally Funded Security Research and Innovation Projects as Communities of Practice
Norvanto, Elisa (2017)
Science and Technology Publications
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The purpose of this paper is to explore how knowledge creation in EU externally funded security Research and Innovation (R&I) projects can be understood through the concept of community of practice (CoP). A multiple case study design was used to examine EU R&I projects with the Wenger’s identity-practice framework that characterizes conventional CoPs. Qualitative data analysis was conducted based on rich empirical data collected during June 2015 – July 2017. The results of the study suggested that the EU R&I project consortium is a knowledge community in its own right, which knowledge creation cannot be fully understood if analysed as traditional project organizations. CoP framework can provide a meaningful way to investigate how explicit and tacit knowledge is created and shared within a project consortium and across different consortiums. Namely the engagement in different phases of the work undertaken by the project consortium can help to understand how the socialization facilitate s knowledge creation and transfers, as well as identity development as the project evolves. As a whole, CoP theory can provide new insight in the knowledge creation in cross-border and cross-sectoral collaborations. It can provide a meaningful way to explore how the knowledge is emerged through a practice in project consortiums before, during, and after the projects.