Simulated Learning Experience (SLEs) in Nursing Education
Abebe, Ashenafi; Obande, Hulda (2018)
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Simulation in health education has been shown to increase confidence, psychomotor and professional skills, and thus positively impact on student preparedness for clinical placement. Simulation teaching combined with other teaching methods have been used to ensure that nursing students are able to receive the greatest educational benefits. This study therefore focused on the benefits of having simulation learning experiences before going out for practical training and competencies gained through simulation. The study was conducted as a literature review to investigate the re-search questions set by the authors. The two research questions concentrated on the importance of simulation and the competencies gained as a result of simulation experience. The study selection included inclusion and exclusion criteria. 21 topic-relevant articles were selected using different academic search databases. The articles were carefully chosen from various sources which included; Science Direct, SAGE, EBSCO and PubMed. The thesis also utilized qualitative content analysis where the outcomes were reported by means of inductive content analysis as a data analysis method (Graneheim and Lundman, 2004).The findings in this study showed that simulation was useful in creating a learning environment which contributed to knowledge, skills, safety, and confidence. It also showed that simulation can be a viable option in preparing nursing students for clinical practice. The study revealed a gap in the literature pertaining to the transfer of outcomes to the clinical setting, laying a foundation for further research that would measure the impact of simulation on patient outcomes. The results of this study suggested that simulation-based nursing aimed at promoting clinical competency and reflective thinking skills. It also showed that simulation-based involve-ments have a powerful influence on educational effects, the substantial change occur in the psycho-motor domain. When conducted well, simulations can lead to increased student satisfaction and self-confidence.