Relevance of Mindfulness-Based Interventions on Nurses’ Well-Being
Refina, Kristine (2019)
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The role of nurses in all areas is exceptional in performing nursing skills. They are usually the primary care support for patients. At all times, the nurse should be attentive, calm, and able to solve and analyse problems quickly leading to better clinical outcomes. But due to high demands of care, the nurses are vulnerable to various degree of stressors that may affect their well-being. The research is literature review, which it aims to enable nurses to understand the nature of mindfulness and its benefits to their well-being. In this study, some of the Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBI) have been applied to such nursing population: Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR), Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Breathwork Mindfulness. Jean Watson’s Nursing Care Theory served as a theoretical foundation for this research paper. The search process resulted to 10 peer-reviewed and up-to-date articles. Keywords used were nurses AND well-being AND mindfulness-based interventions OR mindfulness-based stress reduction OR mindfulness-based cognitive therapy OR mindfulness. Databases included were CINAHL, PubMed, Ebscohost, Cochrane Library and Medline Proquest. The research study aims to answer the following questions: (1) What are the aspects of MBI that are essential for nurses’ well-being? (2) How does MBI affect the well-being of the nurses? (3) Do variations in the duration of MBI sessions impact the effectivity for nurses? Results from the study show that the aspects of MBI such as present awareness, compassion, judgment and non-acceptance are evident in improving the nurses’ emotional, psychological, occupational and physical well-being irrespective of the course length. Thus, Mindfulness-Based Interventions are beneficial to nurses’ overall health.