Implementation of the educational program on diabetes mellitus type 2 for nurses primary health care.
Abduzhapparova, Akbota (2019)
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Currently, diabetes type 2 is a huge problem in Kazakhstan. The number of persons with diabetes type 2 is increasing rapidly. This means that the success of treatment in most cases depends on the patient themselves. The challenge concerning the diabetes type 2 in Kazakhstan is that nurses perform only assistance in medical appointments, and do not necesserely carry out independent nursing practice to guide patients with diabetes type 2. The purpose was to improve the knowledge of primary health care nurses in order to take care of patients with type 2 diabetes through the implementation of a new educational program. Development work was used applying Benner’s model “From Novice to Expert. Work was carried out in one of the polyclinics of the city of Turkestan. The sample consisted of 20 nurses. The educational program for the nurses who take care of the patients with diabetes 2 was developed. The group of nurses participated in an educational intervention program. The educational program has a duration of 5 days for 2 hours per day. The main content of the program is to improve the quality of nursing care for patients with type 2 diabetes. The pre-posttest was used to measure the knowledge about diabetes of the participant-nurses. The results showed that knowledge level of the participant nurses were better than before the training. In addition, participant nurses opinions indicated that they experienced the educational program was useful for them. This development work showed that even the short educational intervention can be useful for the nurses to increase their knowledge on diabetes type 2. This is important because it is nurses’ task to maintain and ensure the health of the population and improve the quality of life of the patients by providing nursing care. Therefore, nurses need to improve and replenish their knowledge and skills concerning self-management of diabetes type 2.