A general perspective of alcohol abuse among elderly
Karanja, Joseph; Lindroos, Linda (2011)
Arcada - Nylands svenska yrkeshögskola
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This subject was chosen because alcohol abuse among elderly is a growing problem which is hidden and hasn’t been given enough attention. The purpose is to provide essential information about alcohol problems amongst the elderly, theories about causes and based best practices in alcohol problem treatment and rehabilitation. The study is intended to be of help in highlighting a practical help model of treatment for alcohol abusers. Research questions were: Why do elderly abuse alcohol? What are the symptoms and signs of alcohol abuse? What are the effects of alcohol abuse? How can alcohol use and abuse be assessed in elderly? What help is available for the elderly? Theoretical frame of reference was composed of theories concerning our central themes. To get answers to the research questions a literary review and a content analysis study was done. Results show that elderly abuse alcohol due to many interconnected factors; genetics, one’s upbringing, social environment, physical and emotional health. There are many signs and symptoms related to drinking problems; those who abuse alcohol may begin to show early signs of a problem, then progress to showing symptoms of alcohol abuse. Alcohol abuse affects all aspects of life. Long-term alcohol use causes health complications, affecting every organ in the body, including the brain. It also affects ones emotional stability, finances, career, and social life. Screening for problem drinking in the elderly is often underutilized and may not accurately reflect the nature and extent of the problem. Screening instrument used with the elderly are; CAGE questionnaire, Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test-Geriatric Version (MAST-G), and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). AA is a good treatment model for alcohol abusers because it offers support and company. The authors hope that this study can be used to help elderly people with alcohol problems.