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Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the leading type of infection among hospitalized patients. Careful handling of the surgical equipments reduces the chances of surgical site infections, and those who incorporate best practice standards can reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with SSIs. The purpose of the research was to find out the knowledge of trauma and orthopedic nurses on how surgical site infections arise and what they are doing to prevent them.
The study was done by qualitative method of research where it would be possible to get deeper views of the participants, the interview was a mixture of structured and unstructured as in a way there are a couple of questions that will be followed but the informants will be allowed to go to any direction regarding the questions.
From the qualitative research conducted, the researchers found out that surgical site infections could be prevented by the following means: Aseptic measures from patient to the health care team or vice versa. Avoiding malnutrition which makes the immune system weak. Patient education is vital as it prepares them for the operation. Patients with other previously infections have a higher risk of re-infection. Catheters and cannules should be removed after surgery and if they should stay, they should be changed according to the rules, isolation of infected patients to prevent transmission and improving practices by following up all known infection control rules.