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Efficacy of hip protector in preventing fall-related hip fracture among elderly people : A literature review study
Hip fracture among elderly people is identified as a serious public health problem worldwide. Because of the potential immediate preventative effection, hip protector drew attention from research field. Plenty of researches were conducted for examining the efficacy of hip protector in preventing fall-related hip fracture among elderly people, and results are conflicting. This literature review study aims to sum up and analyze previous literature, and then provide an overall picture of existing researches results about efficacy of hip protectors. Reviewed articles were collected from Google Scholar, SAGE, Academic Search, PUBMED, and CINAHL. After checking with a structured checklist which is formed from suggestion of Polit et al (2001), 11 studies finally are taken into this literature review study. Inductive and deductive content analysis are employed as data analyzing method for answering three research questions: (1) what results previous literature obtained concerning the efficacy of hip protector in preventing fall-related hip fracture among elderly people? (2) Which factors affected results in reviewed articles concerning the efficacy of hip protector? (3) How reviewed articles can be interpreted in terms of “quality of life”? The conclusion is (1) overall efficacy of hip protector is not yet established, since results of previous researches are conflicting; (2) factors affecting results of efficacy examination of hip protector could be: adherence, sampling size and resources, sampling processing, the biomechanical capacity of hip protector, hip fracture incidence, and one with high risk of hip fracture is not always likely to wear the protector; (3) quality of life can be directly weakened by fall and hip fracture in physical, mental aspects.