Challenges of Distribution in Nepal
Nepali, Rajendra (2022)
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Nepal is a small landlocked country located in South Asia between India and China. The imports and exports of materials in the country is dependent on these countries specially on India as India and Nepal share open borders. Being a country mostly covered with moun-tains and hills, the distribution of supplies to the consumers is mainly dependent on air and road. Hence, as a least developing country, road transport plays a vital role in the distribu-tion and supply chain because it is affordable and therefore most common. The aim of the research was to identify the challenges in distribution in Nepal through road transport. The purpose of the study was to search for the best possible solutions by identifying the prob-lems and challenges of distribution of Nepal. The theories of logistics such as; supply chain, transportation, distribution, delivery service, route planning and PESTLE were selected to compare the data and information for the quality results for the research. Qualitative re-search method was selected since the features of this method matched the aim of the study. A semi-structured interview was conducted for the collection of primary data and several economic surveys, journals and relevant scientific materials were studied and reviewed as a secondary source of data. The results showed that unmanaged traffic systems in urban areas and unavailability of proper transport roads in rural parts were the major challenges in the country. Other results were analysed through comparisons and analysed through PESTLE analysis. The results showed that the government of Nepal need to focus on the real and basic issues like; construction of proper roads and infrastructures as well as development of proper traffic systems in order to bring efficient and vibrant changes. The data collection and interviews were conducted during spring of 2022 and the research was finalized during the autumn of 2022.