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The aim of this study was to examine and identify the postpartum cultural practices amongst women from different cultures. The purpose of this study is to provide research based information on the cultural practices of women as it relates to the concept of cultural competence in nursing care during the postpartum period to healthcare professionals.
The method used in conducting this research is the review of literature; data for the research was acquired from various electronic databases such as CINAHL, Elsevier ScienceDirect, EBSCO and PubMed. Three relevant journals were automatically recommended from Elsevier ScienceDirect. The data search was limited to studies conducted between years 2004-2014. A total of ten studies were chosen and inductive content analysis was the method of data analysis.
The findings revealed that women from different cultures adhered to own cultural practices as it related to dietary prescriptions and restrictions, keeping the body warm in different ways, activity restrictions, sexual activity restrictions, hygiene recommendations, spirituality and social practices and confinement practices. Studies revealed that these cultural practices were handed down from generation to generation.
Healthcare workers should be able to understand the differences in cultures and respect cultural practices in order to be able to provide a culturally competent care to women in postpartum period.