Why Does Talent Flee Finland?
Juvonen, Jade (2020)
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Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
The aim of this thesis is to investigate and examine the reasons that cause emigration of talent from Finland to abroad, the extent of it, its reasons, and possible effects on the Finnish Economy, and how Finland could retain and attract a qualified, skilled workforce. Previous, existing literature has been examined, including the theories of migration and ‘brain drain’, the history and current situation of migration in Finland, and the impact of migration in Europe. Although the focus of the research was on the emigration of talent from Finland abroad, it is relevant to look at the issue from both sides and examine how Finland could be more attractive to the foreign workforce as well. For this research, primary data has been collected by an online questionnaire and then compared to the previously existing relevant literature. By analyzing the preliminary literature as well as the results of the conducted primary research, it is evident that emigration from Finland is caused by very similar factors that it was over a hundred years ago. The researcher concludes that Finland is in fact suffering from ‘brain drain’, but as a developed country in a very different way and possibly not as severely, as many developing countries. As a proposal for further research, three key areas should be investigated more thoroughly; language requirements and whether they are absolutely necessary, tackling discrimination and strongly implementing equal hiring practices, and offering more international opportunities. This would be mutually beneficial for the economy of Finland, as well as to the individuals migrating to Finland. Thus, it would help Finland to retain and attract a qualified, high-skilled workforce.