InnoPreneurship 21 – Creation of entrepreneurial cross-border competence in Northern Scandinavia
Mäkimurto-Koivumaa, Soili; Westerbeg, Mats; Kess, Pekka (2015)
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Enhancing entrepreneurship and developing an entrepreneurial mindset and behaviour are a common challenge throughout Northern Scandinavia. According to the latest GEM report (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2012), the TEA rate (the percentage of individuals who expect to start a business within the next three years) is fairly low varying from 5.8% (Sweden) to 6.9% (Norway). Several studies have shown that the economy’s prosperity and growth strongly depends on the entrepreneurship sector. Even though the general attitude towards entrepreneurship has become more positive, higher education organisations are still struggling in developing ways to increase entrepreneurship among academics and non-business students. At the same time, due to globalization, expectations of the working life are evolving continuously and the time span of decisions is decreasing. Therefore, employers expect that the graduates are to be able to utilise and create opportunities in their profession.